Nature Identity document
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is an independent country in South Asia. Nepal was named after the Kathmandu Valley when the founder (Prithvi Narayan Shah) of the nation established the capital in the late eighteenth century. Nepali culture represents the fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibet-Mongolian influences from the past which is a result of an extended history of migration, conquest, and trade. Nepal has 14 zones and 77 districts. Nepal is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area divided. Nepal is a landlocked country located between the largest country India and China.
Location and Geography
Nepal is a rectangular country with an area of 56,956 sq mi (147,516 km2), of which 335 km2 (129 sq mi) is disputed with India. Nepal measures about 547 mi (880 km) along its Himalayan axis by 93 to 155 mi 150 to 250 kilometers (150 to 250 km) across. South, west, and east across the Indian subcontinent; to the north lies Tibet. Nepal is home to the Himalayan mountains including Mount Everest (8848m). From the summit of Mt. Everest, the landscape falls off the coast of the Gangetic Plain on the southern border. This descent divides the country into three distinct regions: high mountains, central green hills, and the flat, arid region of southern Terai. Fast-flowing, snow-capped rivers run through hills and mountains from north to south, engraving deep valleys and majestic hills. The rugged terrain has created many natural habitats to which different ethnic groups have become accustomed. Although trade involves a variety of races, geography has created linguistic and cultural diversity. The result is a country with more than 36 ethnic groups and more than 50 languages.
The population in 2019 was just over 29 million (world bank). High birth rates in rural areas have led to land shortages, forcing them to relocate to Terai, where there are many farms, and to urban areas, where jobs are available. Moving to cities has led to burial and pollution. Now, Kathmandu valley has a population of about 1,424,000.
- Life expectancy: 70.48 years (2018)
- Population growth rate: 1.8% annual change (2019)
- Fertility rate: 1.92 births per woman (2018)
- Official language: Nepali
- Nepal’s GNI per capita: 3,610 PPP dollars (2019)
After conquering much of modern Nepal, King Prithvi Narayan Shah (1743-1775) established Gorkhali (Nepali) as the national language. Nepali is an Indo-European language derived from Sanskrit and most citizens speak Nepali, which is a form of government, education, and many radio and television stations. For many people, Nepali follows the language of their race or region. This situation puts some parties in a difficult position in terms of public service positions. Since the establishment of multi-party democracy in 1990, language issues have emerged as controversial topics.
National Flag: The blue border signifies peace and harmony. The crimson color is Nepali’s national flag, and it reflects the courageous spirit of the Nepalese people. The two triangles represent the Himalayan mountains. The painting of the celestial bodies stand forever with the hope that Nepal will last as long as the sun and the moon!
The most outstanding among the national symbols are the national flower as the rhododendron, bird as danpfe, Cow as a National Animal, Peepal as a National tree, Madal as a National instrument, Daal Bhat as National food, Knukuri as National weapon, etc.
Nepalese culture has many symbols from Hindu and Buddhist religions. Fine landmarks, including the ancient Hindu swastika and Shiva’s trident, adorn buses, trucks, and walls. Other important symbols are the symbols (tree, plow, sun, etc.) that are used to nominate political parties. Still Images of the king and the royal family are displayed in many homes and places of business to symbolize the leadership. In the national anthem, the metaphor of a garden with a variety of flowers is used to symbolize national unity between cultural diversity.
Also Read: Nepalese History and ethnic groups