Raute is a traditional nomad group officially recognized by the Government of Nepal. They are known for their live hunting of langur and macaque monkeys. They regularly gather wild plants, fruits, and vegetables. Finding grain (rice), metal, cloth, and jewelry, they engraved box containers and boxes to sell in local farmers’ goods. They do not sell other forest products, animal meat, or medicinal plants.
Their number is estimated at 650, and 618 were counted in Nepal in the 2011 census, people living in small villages in the western regions of Nepal. Most of them have been forcibly evicted by the Nepalese government but there are about 150 nomadic Raute, who in late 2016, chose to live a nomadic life. The Nepalese government has allowed them to cut down small trees in state-owned forests that are needed for poles to build their tents, which often confuse local people. Raute from one place to another, spending no more than 4 to 5 months in one place at a time, and usually no more than a few days, looking for better water sources, or villages where they can sell their wood products for basic food.
Raute language is called “Raute” in many subjects and is sometimes pronounced “Khamci,” which means “our talk” in a few other subjects. It is closely related to the language spoken by two related tribes, Ban Raji (“Little Forest Rulers”) and Raji (“Minor Rulers”) of the same region (Fortier and Rastogi 2004).
Rautes emphasizes that they wish to remain full-time and not associate with nearby farmers.
The Raute people live in temporary camps, hidden away from rural areas, in remote parts of the forest. Their living quarters are basic tents made of wooden branches covered with leaves and cloth.
These hunters set up camp every few weeks on the hills and in the forests.
The Raute elder returns to the camp with the monkey after a successful hunting day. They are perfect in the art of hunting monkeys, trapping them using a special net. Hunting is done only by men in the community
Employee classification is based on gender. Women, in particular, do daily chores such as cooking, washing, fetching water and firewood, and burning grain.
A common scene in the Raute camp, where the whole family gathered around the fire.
A pot of leaves in the forest boils over a fire. Raute is very close to the forest and avoids agriculture because they believe it is a sin to sow seeds. If their forest home allowed them to become self-sufficient, they now rely on government subsidies.
Little girls in Raute grind corn using heavy wooden poles, while infants help to gather.
Raute lives in an area known as the central hills, between the southern region of the southern Terai and the Himalayas, and cuts down only common species of trees.
Following two bearings of bears in recent days, in which one member of the tribe was killed and another was seriously injured, the children were warned not to devote themselves too much to the forest
The area has lost much of its forest. Also, although the remaining areas are protected by state law, the loss of this area and the many animals and plants on which Raute depended for survival made them in direct contact with their fellow inhabitants.