The people of Nepal often accept Namaste as greetings (meaning I worship God in you). About 28.61 million Nepalese people belong to 69 different cultural groups and are also known as ethnic groups living in different parts of the country. Most ethnic groups have their own unique dress, speaking their own language or dialects, and following their own religious practices. They live under a wide variety of geographical and environmental conditions, from the lowlands near the Indian border, north through the hills between the Indian Border range and valleys, to the high valleys of the Himalayan plains. Nepalese people lifestyle are very unique.
However, global goals and innovations affect Nepali society making many changes on a daily basis in addition to the development of new road infrastructure, modern public education, democracy since 1990, and the Federal Democratic Republic from 23 May 2008, and very quickly. With the advent of information technology, access to the Internet is making great changes in the new generation. More and more Nepalese people, especially young Nepali-speaking people and the fluent English language, often wear western-style clothing and are often associated with the outside world.
In Nepalese people lifestyle usually, two large groups of people can be found in the highlands of the Himalayas The origin of the Tibetan (Tibeto-Burman or Bot Burmese) and in the low to mid-Indo-Aryan (Bharopeli) indigenous groups. The settlements of the Himalayan region of the Tibetan-speaking group’s Sherpa, the Tibetan origins of Gurung of Manang, the Mustang and the Dolpo region, and the Greater Trang of the Mustang are located in the lower alpine to navigate the Himalayas. Outside of Nepal, they are best known for the people of Sherpa who have gained world fame and interest because of their mountain climbing skills. In fact, the name “Sherpa,” meaning the guide of the mountains in English, comes from the name of Sherpa’s proud group.
The central hill is inhabited mainly by Tamang, Magar, Rai, Limbu, Sunwar, Gurung, Chepang, and other mongoloid groups living in these areas. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newar, and Thakuris as well as the various working groups Kami, Damai Sarki, Gaine are widely distributed in many parts of the country. In the towns of Newar, Marbadi, Punjabi, Brahaman, Kshetri, and other affiliated groups are also settled. The groups of Rai, Limbu, Gurung, Magar are popular as Gurkha soldiers in the world.
In Terai Plain Brahaman, Kshetri, Rajput, Tharu, Danuwar, Majhi, Darai, Rajbansi, Satar, Dhimal, and Jhangar, Singh, Jha, Yadav, and Lal (Mithila) people live in this dun, valleys and different workgroups live and are tied together with ideas of peace and harmony. Terai Mithila groups are famous for their traditional art and their original paintings. However, especially those living in the hilly region or the Terai region their main work in traditional agriculture is widely accepted.
Since Nepal is a very diverse and multi-ethnic home country it has a common family structure. Nepalese people lifestyle is often living in a family system by sharing in the home, respecting and following the traditional culture runs from generation to generation. Public physical expressions of affection are forbidden; gents and girls meet separately before and after marriage and family gatherings. Usually the marriage is arranged by the parents with the help of a marriage lawyer named Lahmi. Among the new generations the love of marriage is also popular today. They have the right to choose their mate and to decide their own future. There is no way to say that Nepalese society remains unaffected by global change, especially in the big cities and towns of the new generation that is heavily influenced by the country’s information technology and embraces a number of interesting trends.
Many Nepalese people are often involved in their traditional farming activities. Most people living outside the city belong to their family farmland where they grow the main crops and various cash crops from time to time. About 76% of the people of Nepal are still under the traditional agricultural system as their main source of income and some are engaged in other activities such as the cottage industry, general production, commodity trading, government officials, tourism and others. In total about 33% of the population is dependent on agriculture.
In the traditional diet of the Nepalese people it can be marked as a rice tradition by the public. The main Nepalese dish known as Dal-Bhat-Tarkari is traditionally a complete blend of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and fats. The real Dal-Bhat-Tarkari is eaten throughout Nepal in general and is a common form of twice a day. In addition to breakfast and afternoon tea, other coffee drinks and snacks can also be eaten on a regular basis. Dall is a well-cooked lentil soup made from a variety of beans, Bhat boiled rice, Tarkari is cooked vegetables, cucumber vegetables or fruits of the year, salad and fried or fried meat as non-vegetarian foods can be eaten normally. Refined mustard oil, ghee used in typical Nepalese cooking for curry flavors and flavors are used as cumin seeds, coriander, black pepper, sesame seed, turmeric, garlic, ginger , methi (fenugreek), bay leaf, clove, cinnamon, peppers, peppers, mustard seeds and salt added to taste.
In the highlands, where rice grows slowly, sorghum, barley, wheat and maize thrive in favorable climates so the locals eat mostly Dhindo and Gundruk or curry of various vegetables, curry meat, home-grown cucumber, yogurt and milk as their main course but also having Dall Bhat from time to time. This true custom of eating is very common in all the mountainous regions of Nepal. There are many common food items on the continent that are available in many cities and in many lands food items are prepared by several restaurants and fast food centers near the main tourist area.
There are many styles of dress in Nepal as the country is home to many cultural and linguistic groups. Most Nepalese groups have their own traditional dress and culture. Among the gents Daura Suruwal Dhaka Topi, T-shirt, Shirt Pant, unique hats for girls in Kurta Salwar, Saries Blouse T-shirt (Cholo), Shirt Pant, different casual wear is commonly worn by Nepali people across the country. In cities especially, the hearts of men and women tend to wear western-style clothing, while older women especially wear the Saries Blouse (Cholo), the Kurta Salwar modestly.
Nepal is the most religious country in the world and therefore the various races live in their own way of practicing religion, way of life, language, culture, and peace and always peace in society. About 80% of the population are Hindus throughout the eastern part of Nepal to the west to the Indian border range in the north, about 10% of Buddhism among the people living in the Himalayan region to the middle of the hill, valleys, and cities together 4% Muslim believers and other believers live in different parts of the world. In the Hindu community, all rituals are performed by a priest (pundit), a Lama (monk) in the Buddhist community, and Mullah in the Muslim community.
In terms of the breadth of the various landscapes in the Hindu land among Indo-Aryan communities that influence the low altitude and Buddhism between Tibetan origins in the Himalayan region and various other parts of Nepal. Nepalese people lifestyle is moreover, traditionally, Buddhism and Hinduism were not two separate religions in the communities who believe that the two religions have since been intertwined to share religions and worship common idols in temples, monasteries, and especially to visit communities of both. Although Nepal has a number of religious groups that live in peace and harmony. There is no record of religious conflict in Nepal yet. All Nepali people respect the national sense of unity in diversity, Nepali’s uniqueness, and the establishment of land reform.
Refrence: Wikipedia Nepal
Also Read: Health and livelihood in Remote Nepal